Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Life Sci. 2014 Jan 14;94(1):17-23. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2013.10.034. Epub 2013 Nov 10.

α-Crystallin protects RGC survival and inhibits microglial activation after optic nerve crush.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Southwest Eye Hospital, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China.
  • 2Department of Ophthalmology, Southwest Eye Hospital, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China. Electronic address: wangyieye@aliyun.com.

Abstract

AIMS:

Activation of retinal microglial cells (RMCs) is known to contribute to retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death after optic nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of intravenous injection of α-crystallin on RGC survival and RMC activation in a rat model of optic nerve crush.

MAIN METHODS:

RGCs were retrogradely labeled with fluorogold. Rats were intravenously injected with normal saline or α-crystallin (0.05g/kg, 0.5g/kg, and 5 g/kg) at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 days after the optic nerve crush. Activated RMCs were characterized using immunofluorescence labeling with CD11b, and TNF-α and iNOS expression was detected using immunoblot analyses. We analyzed the morphology and numbers of RGC and RMC 2 and 4 weeks after injury using fluorescence and confocal microscopy.

KEY FINDINGS:

The number of RGCs decreased after optic nerve injury, accompanied by significantly increased numbers of activated RMCs. Intravenous injection of α-crystallin decreased the number of RMCs, and enhanced the number of RGCs compared to saline injection. α-Crystallin administration inhibited TNF-α and iNOS protein expression induced by optic nerve injury.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Our results suggest that α-crystallin promotes RGC survival and inhibits RMC activation. Intravenous injection of α-crystallin could be a possible strategy for the treatment of optic nerve injury.

KEYWORDS:

Crystallin; Optic nerve injury; Retinal ganglion cell; Retinal microglial activation

PMID:
24220677
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2013.10.034
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center