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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Dec;14(12):775-86. doi: 10.1038/nrm3699. Epub 2013 Nov 13.

The biophysics and cell biology of lipid droplets.

Author information

1
1] Yale School of Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA. [2] Laboratoire de Physique Statistique, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Paris Diderot, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France.

Abstract

Lipid droplets are intracellular organelles that are found in most cells, where they have fundamental roles in metabolism. They function prominently in storing oil-based reserves of metabolic energy and components of membrane lipids. Lipid droplets are the dispersed phase of an oil-in-water emulsion in the aqueous cytosol of cells, and the importance of basic biophysical principles of emulsions for lipid droplet biology is now being appreciated. Because of their unique architecture, with an interface between the dispersed oil phase and the aqueous cytosol, specific mechanisms underlie their formation, growth and shrinkage. Such mechanisms enable cells to use emulsified oil when the demands for metabolic energy or membrane synthesis change. The regulation of the composition of the phospholipid surfactants at the surface of lipid droplets is crucial for lipid droplet homeostasis and protein targeting to their surfaces.

PMID:
24220094
PMCID:
PMC4526153
DOI:
10.1038/nrm3699
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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