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BMC Ophthalmol. 2013 Nov 12;13:70. doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-13-70.

MAPK activation in mature cataract associated with Noonan syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Medical School, room E7, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. nhashida@ophthal.med.osaka-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Noonan syndrome is an autosomal, dominantly inherited disease; it is physically characterized by short stature, short neck, webbed neck, abnormal auricles, high arched palate, and cardiovascular malformation. Its pathological condition is thought to be due to a gain-of-function mutation in the Ras-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway. Eyelid abnormalities such as ocular hypertelorism and blepharoptosis are the most commonly observed eye complications.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report a case of Noonan syndrome associated with mature cataract that required operation. A 42-year-old man was diagnosed with Noonan syndrome at the age of 1 year. He underwent an eye examination after complaining of decreased visual acuity in the right eye and was diagnosed with mature cataract, which was treated by cataract surgery. There were no intraoperative complications, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Protein analysis of lens capsule and epithelium at capsulorhexis showed MAPK cascade proteins such as ERK and p38MAPK were upregulated. An abnormality in the PTPN11 gene was also observed; a potential mechanism of cataract onset may be that opacity of the lens rapidly progressed due to abnormal activation of the Ras-MAPK signal transduction pathway.

CONCLUSION:

This case highlights the possible association of cataract formation with MAPK cascade protein upregulation in Noonan syndrome.

PMID:
24219368
PMCID:
PMC3829809
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2415-13-70
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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