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J Environ Sci (China). 2013 Jul 1;25(7):1483-91.

Adsorption of Mn2+ from aqueous solution using Fe and Mn oxide-coated sand.

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Institute of Hot Spring Industry, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Taiwan, China.


The adsorption of Mn2+ onto immobilized Mn-oxide and Fe-oxide adsorbent such as manganese oxide-coated sandl (MOCS1), manganese oxide-coated sand2 (MOCS2), iron oxide-coated sand2 (IOCS2), and manganese and iron oxide-coated sand (MIOCS) was investigated. The effects of pH (5.5 to 8.0) and temperature (25 to 45 degrees C) on the equilibrium capacity were examined. Equilibrium studies showed that there is a good fit with both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm, which indicates surface heterogeneity and monolayer adsorption of the adsorbents. Kinetic data showed high correlation with the pseudo second-order model, which signifies a chemisorption-controlled mechanism. The activation energies, activation parameters (deltaG, deltaH, deltaS), and thermodynamic parameters (deltaG0, deltaH0, deltaS0) confirmed that adsorption with MIOCS was endothermic and more spontaneous at higher temperature while an opposite trend was observed for the other adsorbents. Thermodynamic studies showed that adsorption involved formation of activated complex, where MOCS 1 and MIOCS follow a physical-chemical mechanism, while MOCS2 and IOCS2 follows purely chemical mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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