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J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2013 Dec;42(8):941-65. doi: 10.1016/j.jgyn.2013.09.017. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

[Prenatal management of isolated IUGR].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de gynécologie-obstétrique, hôpital Bicêtre, 78, avenue du Général-Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France. Electronic address: marie-victoire.senat@bct.aphp.fr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the performance of different antenatal tools for the monitoring of fetuses with isolated intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). To define the prenatal management of IUGR and indications for delivery before and after 32 weeks of gestation.

METHOD:

PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane databases were searched using the keywords "IUGR", "fetal growth restriction", "cardiotocography", "amniotic fluid", "ultrasound assessment", "biophysical profile", "Doppler ultrasonography", "randomized trial", "meta-analysis". These terms were also combined together.

RESULTS:

Fetal monitoring of isolated IUGR should be based on the combined use of fetal heart rate (FHR) and ultrasound Doppler. The use of computerized FHR, with short-term variability (STV) measurement allows longitudinal monitoring and provides objective values upon which to decide very premature delivery (LE3). The use of umbilical Doppler is associated with a decrease in perinatal morbidity, especially in IUGR (LE1). It should be the first-line mean for the monitoring of SGA and IUGR fetuses (LE1). The additional use of cerebral Doppler is associated with a better predictive value for a poor perinatal outcome than the umbilical Doppler alone (LE3). Therefore, cerebral Doppler should be used in fetuses with IUGR, whether the umbilical Doppler is normal or not. As morbidity and mortality is increased in IUGR with pathological ductus venosus, the use of this Doppler should be considered in the monitoring of IUGR at before 32 weeks (professional consensus). Routine hospitalization is not mandatory for the monitoring of fetuses with IUGR/SGA. However, tertiary referral is advisable in cases of severe IUGR at between 26 to 32 weeks (professional consensus). The decision for delivery cannot be standardized and should be based on the combined analysis of gestational age, fetal heart rate analysis and Doppler study (professional consensus).

CONCLUSION:

Monitoring of fetuses with IUGR and decision for delivery should be based on the combined analysis of gestational age, fetal heart rate analysis and Doppler study before 32 weeks, this should ideally be performed by the association of computerized FHR and arterial and venous Doppler.

KEYWORDS:

Biometry; Biométries; Doppler; Fetal monitoring; IUGR; RCIU; Rythme cardiaque fœtal; Surveillance

PMID:
24216302
DOI:
10.1016/j.jgyn.2013.09.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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