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Arch Cardiol Mex. 2013 Oct-Dec;83(4):249-56. doi: 10.1016/j.acmx.2013.05.002. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

Cardiovascular risk factors in a Mexican middle-class urban population. The Lindavista Study. Baseline data.

Author information

1
Unidad Cardiovascular. Hospital Regional 1.(o) de Octubre del ISSSTE, México, DF, Mexico.
2
Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación. Escuela Superior de Medicina. Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México, DF, Mexico.
3
Cátedra Ignacio Chávez. Hospital General de México. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, DF, Mexico.
4
Unidad Cardiovascular. Hospital Regional 1.(o) de Octubre del ISSSTE, México, DF, Mexico. Electronic address: lalitomini@prodigy.net.mx.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this communication is to describe the cardiovascular risk factors affecting a Mexican urban middle-class population.

METHODS:

A convenience sample of 2602 middle class urban subjects composed the cohort of the Lindavista Study, a prospective study aimed to determine if conventional cardiovascular risks factors have the same prognosis impact as in other populations. For the baseline data, several measurements were done: obesity indexes, smoking, blood pressure, fasting serum glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c and triglycerides. This paper presents the basal values of this population, which represents a sample of the Mexican growing urban middle-class.

RESULTS:

The mean age in the sample was 50 years; 59% were females. Around 50% of the entire group were overweighed, while around 24% were obese. 32% smoked; 32% were hypertensive with a 20% rate of controlled pressure. 6% had diabetes, and 14% had impaired fasting glucose; 66% had total cholesterol ≥ 200 mg/dL; 62% showed HDL-c levels<40 mg/dL; 52% triglycerides>150 mg/dL, and 34% levels of LDL-c ≥ 160 mg/dL. Half of the population studied had the metabolic syndrome.

CONCLUSION:

These data show a population with a high-risk profile, secondary to the agglomeration of several cardiovascular risk factors.

KEYWORDS:

Factores de riesgo; Hipertensión; Hypertension; Lipids; Lípidos; Mexico; México; Obesidad; Obesity; Risk factors; Smoking; Tabaquismo

PMID:
24215681
DOI:
10.1016/j.acmx.2013.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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