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J Biol Chem. 2013 Dec 20;288(51):36409-17. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.530584. Epub 2013 Nov 8.

Complex N-glycosylation stabilizes surface expression of transient receptor potential melastatin 4b protein.

Author information

1
From the Departments of Neurosurgery.

Abstract

N-glycosylation is important for the function and regulation of ion channels. We examined the role of N-glycosylation of transient receptor potential melastatin (Trpm) 4b, a membrane glycoprotein that regulates calcium influx. Trpm4b was expressed in vivo in all rat tissues examined. In each tissue, Trpm4b had a different molecular mass, between ∼129 and ∼141 kDa, but all reverted to ∼120 kDa following treatment with peptide:N-glycosidase F, consistent with N-glycosylation being the principal form of post-translational modification of Trpm4b in vivo. In six stable isogenic cell lines that express different levels of Trpm4b, two forms were found, high mannose, core-glycosylated and complex, highly glycosylated (HG), with HG-Trpm4b comprising 85% of the total Trpm4b expressed. For both forms, surface expression was directly proportional to the total Trpm4b expressed. Complex N-glycosylation doubled the percentage of Trpm4b at the surface, compared with high mannose N-glycosylation. Mutation of the single N-glycosylation consensus sequence at Asn-988 (Trpm4b-N988Q), located near the pore-forming loop between transmembrane helices 5 and 6, prevented glycosylation, but did not prevent surface expression, impair formation of functional membrane channels, or alter channel conductance. In transfection experiments, the time courses for appearance of HG-Trpm4b and Trpm4b-N988Q on the surface were similar. In experiments with cycloheximide inhibition of protein synthesis, the time course for disappearance of HG-Trpm4b from the surface was much slower than that for Trpm4b-N988Q. We conclude that N-glycosylation is not required for surface expression or channel function, but that complex N-glycosylation plays a crucial role in stabilizing surface expression of Trpm4b.

KEYWORDS:

Calcium Signaling; Glycoprotein; Ion Channels; Protein Stability; TRP Channels

PMID:
24214984
PMCID:
PMC3868754
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M113.530584
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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