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Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Jan;42(Database issue):D259-66. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkt1047. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

The eukaryotic linear motif resource ELM: 10 years and counting.

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Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany, Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, 600 16th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA, Structural Studies Division, MRC, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany, School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Co. Dublin, Republic of Ireland, Laboratory of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, WK Roentgena 5, 02-781 Warsaw, Poland, Protein Structure-Function and Engineering Laboratory, Fundación Instituto Leloir and Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Buenos Aires-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas Avenida Patricias Argentinas 435 CP 1405 Buenos Aires, Argentina and Departamento de Química Biológica and IQUIBICEN-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Intendente Gúiraldes 2160 CP 1428, Argentina.


The eukaryotic linear motif (ELM resource is a hub for collecting, classifying and curating information about short linear motifs (SLiMs). For >10 years, this resource has provided the scientific community with a freely accessible guide to the biology and function of linear motifs. The current version of ELM contains ∼200 different motif classes with over 2400 experimentally validated instances manually curated from >2000 scientific publications. Furthermore, detailed information about motif-mediated interactions has been annotated and made available in standard exchange formats. Where appropriate, links are provided to resources such as and KEGG pathways.

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