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Structure. 2013 Dec 3;21(12):2175-85. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2013.09.020. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

The role of a sodium ion binding site in the allosteric modulation of the A(2A) adenosine G protein-coupled receptor.

Author information

1
Fundación Pública Galega de Medicina Xenómica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago, E-15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Biomedical Center, Box 596, SE-751 24 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The function of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can be modulated by a number of endogenous allosteric molecules. In this study, we used molecular dynamics, radioligand binding, and thermostability experiments to elucidate the role of the recently discovered sodium ion binding site in the allosteric modulation of the human A(2A) adenosine receptor, conserved among class A GPCRs. While the binding of antagonists and sodium ions to the receptor was noncompetitive in nature, the binding of agonists and sodium ions appears to require mutually exclusive conformational states of the receptor. Amiloride analogs can also bind to the sodium binding pocket, showing distinct patterns of agonist and antagonist modulation. These findings suggest that physiological concentrations of sodium ions affect functionally relevant conformational states of GPCRs and can help to design novel synthetic allosteric modulators or bitopic ligands exploiting the sodium ion binding pocket.

PMID:
24210756
PMCID:
PMC3858454
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2013.09.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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