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Urology. 2014 Mar;83(3 Suppl):S1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.09.009. Epub 2013 Nov 8.

SIU/ICUD Consultation On Urethral Strictures: Epidemiology, etiology, anatomy, and nomenclature of urethral stenoses, strictures, and pelvic fracture urethral disruption injuries.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: jerilati@med.umich.edu.
2
Department of Urology, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA.
3
Washington University, Saint Louis, MO.
4
Department of Urology, Inje University College of Medicine, Nowon-gu, Seoul, Korea.
5
Physician's Annex, San Jose, CA.

Abstract

This committee reviewed and evaluated published data, and recommended standardized terminology relating to the epidemiology, etiology, anatomy, and nomenclature of urethral stenoses, urethral strictures, and pelvic fracture urethral disruption injuries, as well as their surgical management. A literature search using Medline, PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health), Embase, online acronym databases, and abstracts from scientific meetings was performed from 1980-2010. Articles were evaluated using the Levels of Evidence adapted by the International Consultation on Urological Diseases (ICUD) from the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. Recommendations were based on the level of evidence and discussed among the committee to reach a consensus. There is expert opinion to support standards regarding the epidemiology, anatomy, and nomenclature of urethral stenoses, urethral strictures, and pelvic fracture urethral disruption injuries. There is level 3 evidence regarding the epidemiology and etiology of urethral stenoses, urethral strictures, and pelvic fracture urethral injuries. The literature regarding the epidemiology, anatomy, and nomenclature of urethral stenoses, urethral strictures, and pelvic fracture urethral disruption injuries are sparse and generally of a low level of evidence. The proposed ICUD system does not readily apply to these areas. Further research is needed so that stronger levels of evidence can be developed leading to recommendations regarding the accuracy of the data. To improve future research and promote effective scientific progress and communication, a standardized nomenclature and anatomy regarding the urethra and urethral surgery is detailed herein.

PMID:
24210733
DOI:
10.1016/j.urology.2013.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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