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J Neurophysiol. 1986 Mar;55(3):499-513.

Ionic currents of cultured horizontal cells isolated from white perch retina.


Horizontal cells from the retinas of white perch were isolated and maintained in cell culture for 3 days to 3 wk. Four morphologically distinct types of horizontal cells could be identified in culture and were labeled types H1, H2, H3, and H4. Whole-cell patch-clamp techniques were used to study the ionic currents present in the four cell types. In all cells, depolarizing commands above threshold elicited a fast-inward current followed by an outward current. The fast-inward current was abolished by tetrodotoxin (TTX) or 0 Na+ Ringer's, indicating the current was carried by Na+. In H1, H2, and H3 cells, the outward current, carried by K+, consisted of two components: a transient current (IA), blockable with 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), tetraethylammonium (TEA), or intracellular cesium and a sustained current that could be blocked with TEA. The H4 cell had only the sustained current. An inward rectifying K+ current (anomalous rectifier) was observed in the four cell types. The current was sensitive to the extracellular K+ concentration. Its activation showed two components: an instantaneous component and a slower component. The slow component becomes faster with greater hyperpolarizations. The four cell types possessed a small, sustained Ca2+ current that, under normal conditions, was masked by the inward Na+ current and outward K+ currents.

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