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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Nov 27;61(47):11410-7. doi: 10.1021/jf401635w. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

Dietary supplementation with (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate reduces inflammatory response in adipose tissue of non-obese type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats.

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Laboratory of Nutritional Physiology, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, University of Shizuoka , 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.


(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major catechin in green tea, is an antioxidant associated with the reduction of oxidative stress in vitro. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of EGCG on adipose tissue-related metabolic disturbances in vivo are not understood. This study examined whether dietary supplementation of EGCG reduces the oxidative stress-associated inflammatory response in the mesenteric adipose tissue of non-obese type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. GK rats were fed a normal diet or diet containing 0.1, 0.2, or 0.5% EGCG (w/w) for 25 weeks. The mRNA levels of IL-1β were significantly reduced in GK rats given 0.1% EGCG (0.059 ± 0.008; means ± SEM in arbitrary unit) compared with those in GK rats given a control diet (0.135 ± 0.011), but not in those given 0.2% EGCG (0.123 ± 0.012) or 0.5% EGCG (0.112 ± 0.019). The mRNA and protein level of other genes for inflammatory responses such as IL-18, TNF-α, MCP-1, CD11s, CD18, and resistin were also significantly reduced in rats given 0.1% EGCG, but not in those given ≥ 0.2% EGCG. This suggests that supplementation with EGCG at relatively low concentrations (0.1%) in GK rats reduces expression of genes and proteins involved in inflammation in adipose tissue.

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