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Prostaglandins. 1986 Jan;31(1):61-70.

Fibrinolytic activity of prostacyclin and iloprost in patients with peripheral arterial disease.


We studied the effects of prostacyclin (PGI2) and its stable analog, iloprost, on blood fibrinolytic activity in 33 patients with peripheral arterial disease. Ten subjects (group A) received three 5-hour infusions of iloprost on three consecutive days. The remaining 23 patients received three different 5-hour infusions (placebo, iloprost 2 ng/kg/min, PGI2 5 ng/kg/min). Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), total plasma fibrinolytic activity and euglobulin clot lysis time (ECLT) were determined in patients before and after each infusion, both in freely flowing blood samples and following 10 min venous occlusion. In patients of group A, ECLT at rest was significantly shortened after all three iloprost infusions (on average by about 5-11%). First and third infusions produced also shortening of ECLT after venostasis (by 21 and 32%). Statistically significant rise in t-PA activity (by about 68% on average) accompanied only the first infusion. In patients of the group B iloprost provoked significant fall in ECLT at rest (by about 19% on average) only. PGI2 shortened ECLT both at rest and after venous occlusion (by about 17% and 20% on average, respectively) and led to a rise in t-PA activity after venous occlusion by about 33% on average. Our results indicate that prostacyclin and its stable analog, iloprost, enhance fibrinolytic activity in man by releasing or facilitating the release of tissue plasminogen activator from the vessel wall.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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