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J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2013 Sep;21(3):148-51. doi: 10.4250/jcu.2013.21.3.148. Epub 2013 Sep 30.

Recurrent syncope episodes and exercise intolerance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combined with atrioventricular conduction disturbance.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.


A 30-year-old female patient with known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCMP) was admitted for recurrent syncope episodes. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed 2 : 1 atrioventricular (AV) block. Stress echocardiography with bicycle showed high grade AV block at high stage of the exercise associated with exercise intolerance and dyspnea. Twenty-four hour ECG monitoring also revealed high grade AV block and 1 episode of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. Implantable cardioverter/defibrillator-pacemaker (ICD-P) was inserted. After implantation of ICD-P, conduction disturbance and exercise intolerance were improved. AV block is a rare complication HCMP. There are just a few case reports that present symptoms caused by conduction disturbance in HCMP. This case describes repeated syncope episodes and exercise intolerance caused by conduction disturbance during exercise in HCMP patient. For evaluating the cause of syncope in HCMP, stress echocardiography can be helpful to understand the probable mechanism of syncope.


Atrioventricular block; Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Stress echocardiography; Syncope

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