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Pflugers Arch. 2014 Feb;466(2):195-200. doi: 10.1007/s00424-013-1396-8. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

Cardiac myosin binding protein-C as a central target of cardiac sarcomere signaling: a special mini review series.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, Health Sciences Division, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, 60153-5500, USA, ssadayappan@lumc.edu.

Abstract

Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a cardiac-specific thick filament assembly, accessory, and regulatory protein. Physiologically, it is a key regulator of cardiac contractility. With more than 200 mutations in the cMyBP-C gene directly linked to the development of cardiomyopathy and heart failure, cMyBP-C clearly plays a critical role in heart function. At baseline, cMyBP-C is highly phosphorylated, a condition required for normal cardiac function. However, the level of cMyBP-C phosphorylation is significantly decreased during heart failure, indicating that the level of cMyBP-C phosphorylation is directly linked to signaling and cardiac function. Early studies indicated that cMyBP-C interacts with myosin and titin, whereas studies now show that it also interacts with thin filament proteins. However, the exact role(s) of cMyBP-C in the heart remain(s) to be elucidated. As such, we invited experts in the field of cardiac muscle to identify and address key issues related to cMyBP-C by contributing a mini review on such topics as structure, function, regulation, cardiomyopathy, proteolysis, and gene therapy. Starting from this issue, Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology will publish two invited mini review articles each month to discuss the most recent advances in the study of cMyBP-C.

PMID:
24196566
PMCID:
PMC3946865
DOI:
10.1007/s00424-013-1396-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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