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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2013 Nov-Dec;19(6):245-51. doi: 10.4103/1319-3767.121032.

Oral conditions associated with hepatitis C virus infection.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in more than 170 million chronically infected patients with no developed preventive vaccine is a globally important issue. In addition to expected hepatic manifestations, a number of extrahepatic manifestations, such as mixed cryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, polyarteritis nodosa, rashes, renal disease, neuropathy, and lymphoma, have been reported following HCV infection, which are believed to be influenced by the virus or the host immune response. HCV combination therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin might be associated with side effects as well. The association of HCV with special oral conditions has also been reported recurrently; the mechanism of most of which remains unclear. This article reviews the association of HCV infection with some of the oral conditions such as oral health, Sjogren's syndrome, lichen planus and oral cancer.

PMID:
24195977
PMCID:
PMC3958971
DOI:
10.4103/1319-3767.121032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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