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Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:403151. doi: 10.1155/2013/403151. Epub 2013 Oct 1.

Application of zero-inflated poisson mixed models in prognostic factors of hepatitis C.

Author information

1
Department of Basic Sciences, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

In recent years, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a major public health problem. Evaluation of risk factors is one of the solutions which help protect people from the infection. This study aims to employ zero-inflated Poisson mixed models to evaluate prognostic factors of hepatitis C.

METHODS:

The data was collected from a longitudinal study during 2005-2010. First, mixed Poisson regression (PR) model was fitted to the data. Then, a mixed zero-inflated Poisson model was fitted with compound Poisson random effects. For evaluating the performance of the proposed mixed model, standard errors of estimators were compared.

RESULTS:

The results obtained from mixed PR showed that genotype 3 and treatment protocol were statistically significant. Results of zero-inflated Poisson mixed model showed that age, sex, genotypes 2 and 3, the treatment protocol, and having risk factors had significant effects on viral load of HCV patients. Of these two models, the estimators of zero-inflated Poisson mixed model had the minimum standard errors.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results showed that a mixed zero-inflated Poisson model was the almost best fit. The proposed model can capture serial dependence, additional overdispersion, and excess zeros in the longitudinal count data.

PMID:
24195069
PMCID:
PMC3806337
DOI:
10.1155/2013/403151
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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