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Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Jan 1;20(1):68-75. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-1992. Epub 2013 Nov 5.

A high frequency of activating extracellular domain ERBB2 (HER2) mutation in micropapillary urothelial carcinoma.

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Authors' Affiliations: Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York; and Foundation Medicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC) is a rare and aggressive form of bladder cancer. We conducted genomic analyses [next-generation sequencing (NGS)] of MPUC and non-micropapillary urothelial bladder carcinomas (non-MPUC) to characterize the genomic landscape and identify targeted treatment options.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

DNA was extracted from 40 μm of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections from 15 MPUC and 64 non-MPUC tumors. Sequencing (NGS) was performed on hybridization-captured, adaptor ligation-based libraries to high coverage for 3,230 exons of 182 cancer-related genes plus 37 introns from 14 genes frequently rearranged in cancer. The results were evaluated for all classes of genomic alteration.

RESULTS:

Mutations in the extracellular domain of ERBB2 were identified in 6 of 15 (40%) of MPUC: S310F (four cases), S310Y (one case), and R157W (one case). All six cases of MPUC with ERBB2 mutation were negative for ERBB2 amplification and Erbb2 overexpression. In contrast, 6 of 64 (9.4%) non-MPUC harbored an ERBB2 alteration, including base substitution (three cases), amplification (two cases), and gene fusion (one case), which is higher than the 2 of 159 (1.3%) protein-changing ERBB2 mutations reported for urinary tract cancer in COSMIC. The enrichment of ERBB2 alterations in MPUC compared with non-MPUC is significant both between this series (P < 0.0084) and for all types of urinary tract cancer in COSMIC (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

NGS of MPUC revealed a high incidence of mutation in the extracellular domain of ERBB2, a gene for which there are five approved targeted therapies. NGS can identify genomic alteration, which inform treatment options for the majority of MPUC patients.

PMID:
24192927
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-1992
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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