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Neuropsychobiology. 2013;68(4):197-204. doi: 10.1159/000355296. Epub 2013 Nov 1.

Anterior cingulate abnormality as a neural correlate of mismatch negativity in schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Limbic circuitry, especially the anterior cingulate gyrus, has been implicated in the pathophysiology and cognitive changes of schizophrenia. Previous diffusion tensor imaging studies have demonstrated that the integrity of the anterior cingulum (AC) is abnormal in schizophrenia. However, the relationship between the abnormal AC tract integrity and the pathophysiology of schizophrenia has not been fully studied.

METHODS:

We performed a voxelwise group comparison of white matter fractional anisotropy (FA) by using tract-based spatial statistics in 9 patients with schizophrenia and 9 matched controls. We then measured FA specifically in the AC by using a tract-specific measurement. The latency and amplitude of the mismatch negativity (MMN) were also evaluated in all subjects.

RESULTS:

In patients with schizophrenia, tract-based spatial statistics showed a reduction in FA in broad white matter areas, including the bilateral AC, compared with controls. Tract-specific measurements confirmed the specific reduction of FA in the region of the bilateral AC. The decreased FA in the AC was correlated with prolonged MMN latency in the patient group.

CONCLUSION:

Our study of AC structure and electrophysiological changes in schizophrenia suggest that the disruption of limbic-cortical structural networks may be part of the neural basis underlying the changes in MMN in schizophrenia.

PMID:
24192500
DOI:
10.1159/000355296
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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