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ACS Chem Biol. 2014 Feb 21;9(2):451-8. doi: 10.1021/cb400623m. Epub 2013 Nov 19.

Design and kinetic analysis of a hybrid promoter-regulator system for malonyl-CoA sensing in Escherichia coli.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , Troy, New York 12180, United States.


Malonyl-CoA is the rate-limiting precursor involved in the chain elongation reaction of a range of value-added pharmaceuticals and biofuels. Development of malonyl-CoA responsive sensors holds great promise in overcoming critical pathway limitations and optimizing production titers and yields. By incorporating the Bacillus subtilis trans-regulatory protein FapR and the cis-regulatory element fapO, we constructed a hybrid promoter-regulatory system that responds to a broad range of intracellular malonyl-CoA concentrations (from 0.1 to 1.1 nmol/mgDW) in Escherichia coli. Elimination of regulatory protein and nonspecific DNA cross-communication leads to a sensor construct that exhibits malonyl-CoA-dependent linear phase kinetics with increased dynamic response range. The sensors reported in this study could potentially control and optimize carbon flux leading to robust biosynthetic pathways for the production of malonyl-CoA-derived compounds.

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