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Med Sci Law. 2014 Oct;54(4):203-8. doi: 10.1177/0025802413506573. Epub 2013 Nov 4.

Age at death estimation from bone histology in Malaysian males.

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Department of Pathology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Malaysia
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, USA.
School of Applied Sciences, University of Bournemouth, UK.


Estimation of age from microscopic examination of human bone utilizes bone remodeling. This allows 2 regression equation to be determined in a specific population based on the variation in osteon turnover in different populations. The aim of this study was to provide age estimation for Malaysian males. Ground undecalcified cross sections were prepared from long limb bones of 50 deceased males aged between 21 and 78 years. Ten microstructural parameters were measured and subjected to multivariate regression analysis. Results showed that osteon count had the highest correlation with age (R = 0.43), and age was estimated to be within 10.94 years of the true value in 98% of males. Cross validation of the equation on 50 individuals showed close correspondence of true ages with estimated ages. Further studies are needed to validate and expand these results.


Haversian canal; age; bone; forensic; histomorphometry; human; osteon

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