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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2014 Feb;26(2):237-46. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12254. Epub 2013 Nov 4.

Mucosal adenosine triphosphate mediates serotonin release from ileal but not colonic guinea pig enterochromaffin cells.

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School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK.



Mechanical stimulation of the mucosal epithelium results in increased serotonin (5-HT) release from enterochromaffin (EC) cells. Little is known about how this process varies in different regions of the intestinal tract; however, purines are felt to play a role. We studied the relationship between mechanical stimulation, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and 5-HT release from ileal and colonic mucosal tissue.


Amperometric recordings of ATP and 5-HT were carried out using an ATP biosensor and boron-doped diamond microelectrode. Levels of extracellular ATP and 5-HT were monitored using high performance liquid chromatography.


Under basal conditions, 5-HT levels were significantly decreased in the ileum (p < 0.001) but not the colon in the presence of the P2 antagonist suramin (100 μM). Ecto-ATPase inhibitor ARL67156 (10 μM) elevated ATP levels in the ileum and colon (both p < 0.001), but only 5-HT levels in the ileum (p < 0.001). Exogenous ATP increased 5-HT release in the presence of tetrodotoxin in the ileum (p < 0.001), but had not effect in the colon. Mechanical stimulation increased levels of 5-HT in the ileum (p < 0.001) and colon (p < 0.01), but levels returned to baseline in the presence of suramin and MRS2179 in the ileum. The onset of 5-HT release was delayed following mechanical stimulation. The rise time of the ATP response was quicker than that of 5-HT during mechanical stimulation.


During mechanical stimulation of the mucosal epithelium, ATP mediates 5-HT release from EC cells in the ileum, but not the colon. Mucosal 5-HT signaling following mechanical stimulation is varied in different regions of the intestinal tract.


adenosine triphosphate; colon; enterochromaffin cell; ileum; mechanosensory; purinergic; serotonin

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