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IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot. 2013 Jun;2013:6650392. doi: 10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650392.

Fine finger motor skill training with exoskeleton robotic hand in chronic stroke: stroke rehabilitation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Stroke survivors often show a limited recovery in the hand function to perform delicate motions, such as full hand grasping, finger pinching and individual finger movement. The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation of an exoskeleton robotic hand together with fine finger motor skill training on 2 chronic stroke patients.

CASE DESCRIPTIONS:

Two post-stroke patients participated in a 20-session training program by integrating 10 minutes physical therapy, 20 minutes robotic hand training and 15 minutes functional training tasks with delicate objects(card, pen and coin). These two patients (A and B) had cerebrovascular accident at 6 months and 11 months respectively when enrolled in this study.

OUTCOMES:

The results showed that both patients had improvements in Fugl-Meyer assessment (FM), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT). Patients had better isolation of the individual finger flexion and extension based on the reduced muscle co-contraction from the electromyographic(EMG) signals and finger extension force after 20 sessions of training.

DISCUSSION:

This preliminary study showed that by focusing on the fine finger motor skills together with the exoskeleton robotic hand, it could improve the motor recovery of the upper extremity in the fingers and hand function, which were showed in the ARAT. Future randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness.

PMID:
24187211
DOI:
10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650392
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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