Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2013 Dec 20;288(51):36437-50. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.521344. Epub 2013 Nov 1.

Selective recapitulation of conserved and nonconserved regions of putative NOXA1 protein activation domain confers isoform-specific inhibition of Nox1 oxidase and attenuation of endothelial cell migration.

Author information

From the Vascular Medicine Institute and.


Excessive vascular and colon epithelial reactive oxygen species production by NADPH oxidase isoform 1 (Nox1) has been implicated in a number of disease states, including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and neoplasia. A peptide that mimics a putative activation domain of the Nox1 activator subunit NOXA1 (NOXA1 docking sequence, also known as NoxA1ds) potently inhibited Nox1-derived superoxide anion (O2·-) production in a reconstituted Nox1 cell-free system, with no effect on Nox2-, Nox4-, Nox5-, or xanthine oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species production as measured by cytochrome c reduction, Amplex Red fluorescence, and electron paramagnetic resonance. The ability of NoxA1ds to cross the plasma membrane was tested by confocal microscopy in a human colon cancer cell line exclusively expressing Nox1 (HT-29) using FITC-labeled NoxA1ds. NoxA1ds significantly inhibited whole HT-29 carcinoma cell-derived O2·- generation. ELISA and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching experiments indicate that NoxA1ds, but not its scrambled control, binds Nox1. FRET experiments conducted using Nox1-YFP and NOXA1-CFP illustrate that NoxA1ds disrupts the binding interaction between Nox1 and NOXA1, whereas a control peptide did not. Moreover, hypoxia-induced human pulmonary artery endothelial cell O2·- production was completely inhibited by NoxA1ds. Human pulmonary artery endothelial cell migration under hypoxic conditions was also reduced by pretreatment with NoxA1ds. Our data indicate that a peptide recapitulating a putative activation subdomain of NOXA1 (NoxA1ds) is a highly efficacious and selective inhibitor of Nox1 activity and establishes a critical interaction site for Nox1-NOXA1 binding required for enzyme activation.


Enzyme Inhibitors; Enzyme Mechanisms; NADPH Oxidase; Nox1; Peptides; Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center