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Orv Hetil. 2013 Nov 10;154(45):1802-5. doi: 10.1556/OH.2013.29740.

[History of cataract operations in Hungary].

[Article in Hungarian; Abstract available in Hungarian from the publisher]

Author information

Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szemészeti Klinika Budapest Mária u. 39. 1085.


in English, Hungarian

The history of the cataract operations dates back to thousands of years ago. Initially, surgery was carried out using rudimentary operating techniques resulting in the loss of many eyes. Cataract surgery has evolved immersely and now it is a highly refined surgical practice. Evolution of the cataract surgery was closely linked to broadening of anatomical-pathological knowledge and to the development of the instruments applied. Although Daviel performed the first intentional cataract removal in 1747, almost one hundred years passed before the extracapsular cataract extraction method finally replaced the old couching technique. By the middle of the 20th century, with the progression of the operation techniques and instruments, different forms of intracapsular cataract extraction methods became prevalent. Introduction and widespread use of the artificial intraocular lenses from the second half of the 20th century led to the rediscovery and further perfection of the extracapsular cataract extraction technique. Today, phacoemulsification through small incision, along with the foldable intraocular lenses is the gold standard of cataract surgery. The aim of this study is to present the different cataract surgery methods applied throughout the centuries, as well as the difficulties encountered. It discusses pioneering steps of each era, in order to give a closer look at the most frequently performed surgical intervention in ophthalmology.


cataract; cataract operation; cataracta; development; fejlődés; hályogoperálás

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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