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Eat Behav. 2013 Dec;14(4):472-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.08.011. Epub 2013 Aug 23.

Cravings and food consumption in Binge Eating Disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address: longena.ng@camh.ca.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to extend existing work that examines the role of cravings in Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The current study uses a case-control design to establish a relationship between cravings and food exposure, and between cravings and food consumption in individuals diagnosed with BED. Twenty-nine females with BED, 40 obese controls, and 50 normal-weight controls were first presented with a neutral cue and completed a food-craving measure. They were then presented with their favourite snack food and completed the craving measure again, after which they were allowed to consume the food. The BED group had significantly higher scores for pre- and post-craving measures, and consumed more food compared to the controls. There was, however, no significant interaction between group and craving scores. Results also showed a positive correlation between food consumption and cravings scores both before and after food exposure for individuals with BED. The findings suggest that the level of cravings prior to food exposure may be sufficient to predict overeating in BED and that treatment may want to target this as a defining feature that differentiates individuals with BED from those who do not binge eat.

KEYWORDS:

Binge Eating Disorder; Food Cravings Questionnaire; Food consumption

PMID:
24183139
DOI:
10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.08.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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