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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Nov 30;169(6):408-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Oct 11.

Differential interaction of clinical characteristics with key functional parameters in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction--results of the Aldo-DHF trial.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University of Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, D-37075 Göttingen, Germany; German Center for Cardiovascular Research, Germany. Electronic address: fedelmann@med.uni-goettingen.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To investigate the interaction of clinical characteristics with disease characterising parameters in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods and results In the multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, Aldo-DHF trial investigating the effects of spironolactone on exercise capacity (peakVO2) and diastolic function (E/e') n=422 patients with HFpEF (age 67 ± 8 years, 52% females, LVEF 67 ± 8%) were included. After multiple adjustment, higher age was significantly related to reduced peakVO2, and to increased E/e', NT-proBNP, LAVI as well as LVMI (all p<0.05). Female gender (p<0.001), CAD (p=0.002), BMI (p<0.001), sleep apnoea (p=0.02), and chronotropic incompetence (CI, p=0.002) were related to lower peakVO2 values. Higher pulse pressure (p=0.04), lower heart rates (p=0.03), CI (p=0.03) and beta-blocker treatment (p=0.001) were associated with higher E/e'. BMI correlated inversely (p=0.03), whereas atrial fibrillation (p<0.001), lower haemoglobin levels (p<0.001), CI (p=0.02), and beta-blocker treatment (p<0.001) were associated with higher NT-proBNP. After multiple adjustment for demographic and clinical variables peakVO2 was not significantly associated with E/e' (r=+0.01, p=0.87), logNT-proBNP (r=0.09, p=0.08), LAVI (r=+0.03, p=0.55), and LVMI (r=+0.05, p=0.37). The associations of E/e' with logNT-proBNP (r=0.21, p<0.001), LAVI (r=+0.29, p<0.001) and LVMI (r=0.09, p=0.06) were detectable also after multiple adjustment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Demographic and clinical characteristics differentially interact with exercise capacity, resting left ventricular filling index, neurohumoral activation, and left atrial and ventricular remodelling in HFpEF. Exercise intolerance in HFpEF is multi-factorial and therapeutic approaches addressing exercise capacity should therefore not only aim to improve single pathological mechanisms.

REGISTRATION:

ISRCTN94726526 (http://www.controlled-trials.com), Eudra-CT-number 2006-002605-31.

KEYWORDS:

Aldosterone receptor blockade; Diastolic function; Exercise capacity; Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; Neurohumoral activation

PMID:
24182675
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.10.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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