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J Clin Oncol. 1986 Feb;4(2):194-9.

High complete response rate in children with advanced germ cell tumors using cisplatin-containing combination chemotherapy.


A consecutive series of 13 children (five girls) with advanced malignant germ cell tumors (MGCTs) were treated with between four and seven (median, six) courses of cisplatin, bleomycin, and either vinblastine (BVP) or VP-16 (BEP). There were seven gonadal primaries (four testis, three ovary) and six at extragonadal sites (three sacrococcyx, two thoracic, one extradural). Total or subtotal removal of primary tumor was carried out in nine patients at diagnosis and two others after some chemotherapy. Clinical complete remission (CR) was achieved in nine of ten patients with measurable disease and serum markers returned to normal in all 13 patients. Eleven remain disease-free 17 to 48 months (median, 28 months) after diagnosis. One patient (stage IV sacrococcygeal tumor) relapsed at the primary site 3 months after completing treatment, but is disease-free after further surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Serial glomerular filtration rates were performed during treatment. Audiometry and pulmonary function tests were carried out where possible. Toxicity led to alteration of drug scheduling in two cases, but there were no permanent clinical renal, auditory, or pulmonary sequelae. These encouraging results confirm that MGCTs in children are as responsive as those in adults to cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and indicate that they may be as curable. The regimens are relatively well-tolerated and, with close monitoring, clinically significant toxicity should be avoidable.

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