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Planta. 1993 Mar;189(3):461-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00194446.

Shift in carbon flow and stimulation of amino-acid turnover induced by nitrate and ammonium assimilation in Anacystis nidulans.

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Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis, Universidad de Sevilla-CSIC, Apdo. 1113, E-41080, Sevilla, Spain.


The influence of nitrate and ammonium assimilation on the flow of recently fixed carbon has been determined in intact Anacystis nidulans cells actively fixing CO2. Assimilation of nitrate or ammonium resulted in substantial increases in the incorporation of carbon into acid-soluble metabolites, the magnitude of the effect being dependent on the irradiance. The radiolabel in sugar phosphate was virtually unaffected by nitrogen assimilation, whereas that in organic acids and, in particular, in amino acids was markedly increased. Enhancement of carbon incorporation into amino acids induced by nitrogen assimilation was not accompanied by parallel increases in the size of the amino acid pools. This resulted in an appreciable increase of the specific radioactivity of most amino acids under conditions of nitrogen assimilation. The data indicate that nitrate and ammonium assimilation induce an enhancement of carbon flow through the glycolytic and the tricarboxylic-acid pathways to oxaloacetate and α-ketoglutarate, as well as a stimulation of amino-acid turnover. These effects were more pronounced at saturating irradiance.


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