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Theor Appl Genet. 1994 Nov;89(6):698-702. doi: 10.1007/BF00223708.

QTL analysis: a simple 'marker-regression' approach.

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School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK.


A method to locate quantitative trait loci (QTL) on a chromosome and to estimate their additive and dominance effects is described. It applies to generations derived from an F1 by selfing or backcrossing and to doubled haploid lines, given that marker genotype information (RFLP, RAPD, etc.) and quantitative trait data are available. The method involves regressing the additive difference between marker genotype means at a locus against a function of the recombination frequency between that locus and a putative QTL. A QTL is located, as by other regression methods, at that point where the residual mean square is minimised. The estimates of location and gene effects are consistent and as reliable as conventional flanking-marker methods. Further applications include the ability to test for the presence of two, or more, linked QTL and to compare different crosses for the presence of common QTL. Furthermore, the technique is straightforward and may be programmed using standard pc-based statistical software.


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