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Nanotechnology. 2013 Nov 29;24(47):475301. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/47/475301. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

3D hierarchical architectures based on self-rolled-up silicon nitride membranes.

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, ILĀ 61822, USA.


This study presents the superior structural versatility of strained silicon nitride (SiNx) membranes as a platform for three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical tubular architectures. The effects of compressive and tensile stressed SiNx layer thickness on the self-rolled-up tube curvature, the sacrificial layer etching anisotropy on rolling direction and chirality, and stress engineering by localized thickness control or thermal treatment, are explored systematically. Using strained SiNx membranes as an electrically insulating and optically transparent mechanical support, compact 3D hierarchical architectures involving carbon nanotube arrays and passive electronic components are demonstrated by releasing the functional structures deposited and patterned in 2D. These examples highlight the uniqueness of this platform that exploits 2D processing and self-assembly to achieve highly functional 3D structures.

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