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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:747694. doi: 10.1155/2013/747694. Epub 2013 Sep 23.

A systematic review of biopsychosocial training programs for the self-management of emotional stress: potential applications for the military.

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Samueli Institute, 1737 King Street, Suite 600, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.

Abstract

Combat-exposed troops and their family members are at risk for stress reactions and related disorders. Multimodal biopsychosocial training programs incorporating complementary and alternative self-management techniques have the potential to reduce stress-related symptoms and dysfunction. Such training can preempt or attenuate the posttraumatic stress response and may be effectively incorporated into the training cycle for deploying and redeploying troops and their families. A large systematic review was conducted to survey the literature on multimodal training programs for the self-management of emotional stress. This report is an overview of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) identified in this systematic review. Select programs such as mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management, Autogenic Training, Relaxation Response Training, and other meditation and mind-body skills practices are highlighted, and the feasibility of their implementation within military settings is addressed.

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