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J Med Microbiol. 2014 Jan;63(Pt 1):86-9. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.067744-0. Epub 2013 Oct 30.

Characteristics of community-onset NDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746, South Korea.


Multilocus sequence typing and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed for three community-onset New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from Korea. The genetic structure surrounding the blaNDM-1 gene was determined in blaNDM-1-harbouring plasmids. Three NDM-1-producing K. pneumoniae isolates were found to belong to the same clone (sequence type 340). Each of these isolates showed the same genetic structure surrounding the blaNDM-1 gene. The genes blaNDM-1, bleMBL, trpF and dsbC were flanked by two intact insertion sequences, ISAba125 and IS26, which may promote horizontal gene transfer. The blaNDM-1-harbouring plasmids conferred antimicrobial resistance to carbapenems, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides and aztreonam in transconjugants. It can be speculated that either the entire blaNDM-1-harbouring plasmids or just the part of the plasmid containing the blaNDM-1 gene may have transferred between K. pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Following the transfer, the isolate disseminated throughout Korea. This study suggests the need for monitoring the dissemination of NDM-1-producing isolates across countries or continents due to their potential transferability via ISAba125- and IS26-associated transposons.

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