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ASAIO J. 2013 Nov-Dec;59(6):547-53. doi: 10.1097/MAT.0b013e3182a4b2f6.

Cardiac decompression on extracorporeal life support: a review and discussion of the literature.

Author information

1
From the *Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, †Department of Anesthesiology, and ‡Department of Internal Medicine II, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Abstract

Extracorporeal life support is a worldwide expanding technology for patients in critical cardiogenic shock. The device is usually attached to the femoral vessels using percutaneous techniques. Despite sufficient extracorporeal circulatory support, an unclear number of patients develop high end-diastolic pressures leading to left ventricular distension and pulmonary edema, and ventricular thrombus formation may evolve. This article discusses the strategies to prevent ventricular distension by conservative, interventional, and surgical means, also illustrated by case presentations.

PMID:
24172259
DOI:
10.1097/MAT.0b013e3182a4b2f6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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