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J Health Psychol. 2015 Aug;20(8):1083-9. doi: 10.1177/1359105313507964. Epub 2013 Oct 29.

Intersectionality of internalized HIV stigma and internalized substance use stigma: Implications for depressive symptoms.

Author information

1
Yale University, USA valerie.earnshaw@yale.edu.
2
University of Connecticut, USA.
3
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, USA.

Abstract

We adopted an intersectionality framework and examined whether the relationship between internalized HIV stigma and depressive symptoms is moderated by internalized substance use stigma. A total of 85 people living with HIV with a history of substance use in the Bronx, New York, completed a survey. Results revealed evidence of moderation: Participants who internalized HIV stigma experienced greater depressive symptoms only if they also internalized substance use stigma. Researchers should examine stigma associated with multiple socially devalued characteristics to best understand how stigma impacts mental health among people living with HIV. Healthcare providers should address stigma associated with the full range of socially devalued characteristics with which people living with HIV live.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; depressive symptoms; internalized stigma; intersectionality; substance use

PMID:
24170015
PMCID:
PMC4753572
DOI:
10.1177/1359105313507964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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