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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2014 Jan;13(1):204-19. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M113.033803. Epub 2013 Oct 29.

Functional proteomic discovery of Slr0110 as a central regulator of carbohydrate metabolism in Synechocystis species PCC6803.

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State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 West Beichen Rd., Beijing 100101, China;


The unicellular photosynthetic model-organism cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 can grow photoautotrophically using CO2 or heterotrophically using glucose as the sole carbon source. Several pathways are involved in carbon metabolism in Synechocystis, and the concerted regulation of these pathways by numerous known and unknown genes is critical for the survival and growth of the organism. Here, we report that a hypothetical protein encoded by the open reading frame slr0110 is necessary for heterotrophic growth of Synechocystis. The slr0110-deletion mutant is defective in glucose uptake, heterotrophic growth, and dark viability without detectable defects in autotrophic growth, whereas the level of photosystem II and the rate of oxygen evolution are increased in the mutant. Quantitative proteomic analysis revealed that several proteins in glycolysis and the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway are down-regulated, whereas proteins in photosystem II and phycobilisome are significantly up-regulated, in the mutant. Among the down-regulated proteins are glucose transporter, glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and its assembly protein OpcA, suggesting that glycolysis, oxidative pentose phosphate, and glycogen synthesis pathways are significantly inhibited in the mutant, which was further confirmed by enzymatic assays and quantification of glycogen content. These findings establish Slr0110 as a novel central regulator of carbon metabolism in Synechocystis, and shed light on an intricate mechanism whereby photosynthesis and carbon metabolism are well concerted to survive the crisis when one or more pathways of the system are impaired.

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