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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Jun;77(6):1017-26. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12274.

Human disposition, metabolism and excretion of etamicastat, a reversible, peripherally selective dopamine β-hydroxylase inhibitor.

Author information

1
Department of Research and Development, BIAL - Portela & Cª. S.A., S. Mamede do Coronado, Portugal.

Abstract

AIMS:

Etamicastat is a reversible dopamine-β-hydroxylase inhibitor that decreases noradrenaline levels in sympathetically innervated tissues and slows down sympathetic nervous system drive. In this study, the disposition, metabolism and excretion of etamicastat were evaluated following [(14)C]-etamicastat dosing.

METHODS:

Healthy Caucasian males (n = 4) were enrolled in this single-dose, open-label study. Subjects were administered 600 mg of unlabelled etamicastat and 98 µCi weighing 0.623 mg [(14)C]-etamicastat. Blood samples, urine and faeces were collected to characterize the disposition, excretion and metabolites of etamicastat.

RESULTS:

Eleven days after administration, 94.0% of the administered radioactivity had been excreted; 33.3 and 58.5% of the administered dose was found in the faeces and urine, respectively. Renal excretion of unchanged etamicastat and its N-acetylated metabolite (BIA 5-961) accounted for 20.0 and 10.7% of the dose, respectively. Etamicastat and BIA 5-961 accounted for most of the circulating radioactivity, with a BIA 5-961/etamicastat ratio that was highly variable both for the maximal plasma concentration (19.68-226.28%) and for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to the last sampling time at which the concentration was above the limit of quantification (15.82- 281.71%). Alongside N-acetylation, metabolism of etamicastat also occurs through oxidative deamination of the aminoethyl moiety, alkyl oxidation, desulfation and glucuronidation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Etamicastat is rapidly absorbed, primarily excreted via urine, and its biotransformation occurs mainly via N-acetylation (N-acetyltransferase type 2), although glucuronidation, oxidation, oxidative deamination and desulfation also take place.

KEYWORDS:

N-acetylation; dopamine β-hydroxylase; etamicastat; excretion; metabolism; pharmacokinetics

PMID:
24168152
PMCID:
PMC4093927
DOI:
10.1111/bcp.12274
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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