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Dis Markers. 2013;35(3):187-93. doi: 10.1155/2013/497256. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

Multivariate path analysis of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, inflammation, and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, 1505 Race Street, Bellet Building 6th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Despite growing interest in the protective role that vitamin D may have in health outcomes, little research has examined the mechanisms underlying this role. This study aimed to test two hypotheses: (1) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and elevated hemoglobin A1c; (2) these associations are mediated by serum C-reactive protein (CRP).

METHODS:

Participants aged 20 and older in 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (n = 8,655) with measures of serum 25(OH)D, CRP, hemoglobin A1c, and other important covariates were included in the present study. Logistic regression and path analysis methods were applied to test the study hypotheses.

RESULTS:

Decreased serum 25(OH)D concentration was significantly associated with increased odds of T2DM. In males, an estimated 14.9% of the association between 25(OH)D and hemoglobin A1c was mediated by serum CRP. However, this mediation effect was not observed in females.

CONCLUSION:

Using a nationally representative sample, the present study extends previous research and provides new evidence that the effect of decreased serum vitamin D concentration on T2DM may proceed through increased systemic inflammation in males. Longitudinal studies and randomized control trials are needed to confirm the present findings.

PMID:
24167365
PMCID:
PMC3774972
DOI:
10.1155/2013/497256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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