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EMBO J. 1985 Sep;4(9):2249-56.

Structure of two forms of the interferon-induced (2'-5') oligo A synthetase of human cells based on cDNAs and gene sequences.

Abstract

The (2'-5') oligo A synthetase E, one of the translational inhibitory enzymes whose synthesis is strongly induced by all interferons (IFNs), is shown to be encoded in human cells by a 13.5-kb gene. By a cell-specific differential splicing, between the seventh and an additional eighth exon of this gene, two active E mRNAs of 1.6 and 1.8 kb are produced, along with several longer transcripts. cDNA clones for the two mRNAs were obtained and their sequences indicate that the human (2'-5') oligo A synthetase gene codes for two forms of the enzyme of mol. wt. 41 000 and 46 000, which differ only by their C-terminal ends. The product of the 1.6-kb RNA (E16) has a very hydrophobic C terminus, which is replaced by a longer acidic C-terminal sequence in the 1.8-kb RNA product (E18). The transcriptional start site of the gene was identified and 200 bp of the 5' flanking region were sequenced. A strong homology was found between this region of the IFN-activated (2'-5') oligo A synthetase gene and the corresponding region of the human fibroblast IFN-beta 1 gene, whose transcription is also stimulated by IFN priming. The gene has two polyadenylation sites which share a common undecanucleotide, but are used in a cell-specific manner to give rise to the 1.6- and 1.8-kb mRNAs.

PMID:
2416561
PMCID:
PMC554493
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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