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Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2013 Jan;4(1):7-12. doi: 10.4103/0975-5950.117815.

Tissue response to titanium implant using scanning electron microscope.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Seema Dental College, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.


Most of the surgeons now use titanium miniplates because of its biocompatibility and corrosion resistant properties; studies have shown that these titanium particles are released in the surrounding tissues causing tissue necrosis and if these implants are placed for a long period, the adverse effect of these implants are more severe. It therefore necessitates a study to find out whether these titanium particles are released into surrounding tissues from titanium miniplates used for maxillofacial fractures so that we could use these implants, that is, bone plates and screws with more confidence.


Fracture; scanning electron microscope; titanium implants

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