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Cornea. 2013 Dec;32(12):1628-30. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3182a64850.

Combined tissue excision and corneal tuck for the surgical treatment of extremely advanced pellucid marginal corneal degeneration.

Author information

1
*Department of Ophthalmology, "Villa Igea" Private Hospital, Forlì, Italy; †Department of Ophthalmology, "S. Maurizio" Regional Hospital, Bolzano, Italy; and ‡Department of Ophthalmology, "Bnai Zion" Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

Pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD) is managed surgically in the advanced stages of the disease, but extreme thinning extending over a very wide area in most of the corneal circumference represents a true surgical challenge that makes conventional approaches unsuitable. Here, we present the results of a new procedure (partial excision of the corneal ectasia and tuck of the residual thinned corneal lips left behind) performed in 3 eyes of 2 patients with extremely advanced PMCD, judged unsuitable for undergoing conventional surgical approaches. Preoperatively, uncorrected visual acuity was limited to the perception of hand motion in 1 eye, which presented with hydrops, and to finger counting at 1 m in the other 2 eyes. With a follow-up of 3 to 4 years, a complete, stable resolution of the ectasia was seen in all cases. As early as 1 year postoperatively, the best spectacle-corrected visual acuity was 20/30 to 20/50 with no subsequent substantial changes. Partial excision of the ectasia and tucking was found to work successfully at achieving both a new corneal shape compatible with visual rehabilitation and restoring peripheral corneal thickness in advanced cases of PMCD that were unsuitable for conventional surgery.

PMID:
24162753
DOI:
10.1097/ICO.0b013e3182a64850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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