Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Sci. 2013;123(3):235-45. Epub 2013 Oct 26.

Na⁺/Ca²⁺ exchanger 1/2 double-heterozygote knockout mice display increased nitric oxide component and altered colonic motility.

Author information

Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacology, Division of Veterinary Science, Osaka Prefecture University Graduate School of Life and Environmental Science, Japan.


The Na⁺/Ca²⁺ exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter involved in regulating intracellular Ca²⁺ concentrations. NCX is critical for Ca²⁺ regulation in cardiac muscle, vascular smooth muscle, and nerve fibers. To determine the role of NCX1 and NCX2 in gastrointestinal tissues, we examined electric field stimulation (EFS)-induced responses in the longitudinal smooth muscle of the distal colon in NCX1 and NCX2 double-heterozygote knockoutmice (Double HET). We found that the amplitudes of EFS-induced relaxation that persisted during EFS were greater in Double HET than in wild-type mice (WT). Under the non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) condition, EFS-induced relaxation in Double HET was similar in amplitude to that of WT. In the experiments in which l-NNA was added under NANC conditions following the EFS, the magnitudes of EFS-induced relaxation were smaller in Double HET than those in WT. In addition, an NCX inhibitor, SN-6, enhanced EFS-induced relaxation but did not affect EFS-induced relaxation under NANC condition, as in Double HET. Moreover, the magnitudes of relaxation induced by NOR-1, which generates NO, were greater in Double HET compared with WT. Similarly, SN-6 potentiated the magnitudes of NOR-1-induced relaxation. In this study, we demonstrate that NCX regulate colonic motility by altering the sensitivity of the inhibitory component.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
    Loading ...
    Support Center