Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014 Jan;1842(1):56-64. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2013.10.008. Epub 2013 Oct 24.

Mutation of the human mitochondrial phenylalanine-tRNA synthetase causes infantile-onset epilepsy and cytochrome c oxidase deficiency.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Mitochondrial Research, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK. Electronic address: abdulraheem.almalki@newcastle.ac.uk.

Abstract

Mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are essential enzymes in protein synthesis since they charge tRNAs with their cognate amino acids. Mutations in the genes encoding mitochondrial aaRSs have been associated with a wide spectrum of human mitochondrial diseases. Here we report the identification of pathogenic mutations (a partial genomic deletion and a highly conserved p. Asp325Tyr missense variant) in FARS2, the gene encoding mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, in a patient with early-onset epilepsy and isolated complex IV deficiency in muscle. The biochemical defect was expressed in myoblasts but not in fibroblasts and associated with decreased steady state levels of COXI and COXII protein and reduced steady state levels of the mt-tRNA(Phe) transcript. Functional analysis of the recombinant mutant p. Asp325Tyr FARS2 protein showed an inability to bind ATP and consequently undetectable aminoacylation activity using either bacterial tRNA or human mt-tRNA(Phe) as substrates. Lentiviral transduction of cells with wildtype FARS2 restored complex IV protein levels, confirming that the p.Asp325Tyr mutation is pathogenic, causing respiratory chain deficiency and neurological deficits on account of defective aminoacylation of mt-tRNA(Phe).

KEYWORDS:

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase; Aminoacylation; LBSL; MLASA; MRI; Mitochondria; Mitochondrial disease; Mitochondrial translation; OXPHOS; PCH6; Protein synthesis; aaRS; aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase; leukoencephalopathy with brain stem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation; magnetic resonance imaging; mitochondrial; mitochondrial DNA; mt-; mtDNA; myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anaemia; oxidative phosphorylation; pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6

PMID:
24161539
PMCID:
PMC3898479
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbadis.2013.10.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center