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Nutr Hosp. 2013 Sep-Oct;28(5):1384-95. doi: 10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6704.

Dairy products consumption versus type 2 diabetes prevention and treatment; a review of recent findings from human studies.

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1
Nutrition and Health Department. Federal University of Viçosa. Brazil.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

INTRODUCTION:

It has been claimed that the appropriate consumption of dairy products can be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this review is to critically analyze the main scientific evidence about this topic.

METHODS:

MEDLINE, PubMEd, Science Direct, SCIELO and LILACS were searched for studies published over the past 12 years exploring the effects of the consumption of dairy products or its components (calcium, vitamin D and magnesium) on T2DM.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

Epidemiological studies indicate that consumption of at least three servings of low-fat dairy products per day as a part of a healthy diet is crucial to reduce the risk of developing T2DM. The majority of the analyzed intervention studies reported beneficial effects of increased calcium and vitamin D ingestion on insulin sensitivity improvement and T2DM prevention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the impact of dairy consumption to treat T2DM needs further investigation, the consumption of low-fat dairy products may be an important strategy to prevent and control T2DM.

PMID:
24160191
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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