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Pak J Biol Sci. 2012 Oct 1;15(19):942-6.

Effect of hysteroscopy before intra uterine insemination on fertility in infertile couples.

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Fertility, Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran.


Uterine disorders like usual infertility factors (male factor, ovarian and tubal problems of women) may affect the outcome of infertility treatment in infertile patients. In our clinical trial, 110 couples diagnosed with infertility were candidate for intra uterine insemination (IUI). The patients were divided randomly into two equal groups (n = 55): In group one (control group), patients without hysteroscopy underwent ovulation induction by clomiphene citrate and hCG followed by intrauterine insemination. The second group (experiment group), patients were undergoing hysteroscopy before intra uterine insemination on the day 21 of the cycle and due to abnormal findings, going under surgical treatment if they needed. The rates of pregnancy complications in patients were evaluated. The age, BMI, kind of infertility, duration of infertility, number of previous trial, duration of stimulation, the type of procedures used and semen analysis (TMC, Motility and morphology of sperm) were similar for both groups and no statistically significant differences emerged at all between them. In experimental group, hysteroscopy revealed pathology in the uterine cavity in 26 out of 55 cases. The overall rates of clinical pregnancy were higher in experimental group compared to the control group. The findings from this study showed that the use of hysteroscopy as a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure before IUI, can increase the rate of pregnancy and finally decrease the failure rate of infertility treatment and perinatal complications in infertile couples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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