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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:241027. doi: 10.1155/2013/241027. Epub 2013 Sep 15.

Moxibustion for the correction of nonvertex presentation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

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1
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, College of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion for the correction of nonvertex presentation.

METHODS:

Records without language restrictions were searched up to February 2013 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing moxibustion with other therapies in women with a singleton nonvertex presentation. Cochrane risk of bias criteria were used to assess the methodological quality of the trials.

RESULTS:

Seven of 392 potentially relevant studies met the inclusion criteria. When moxibustion was compared with other interventions, a meta-analysis revealed a significant difference in favor of moxibustion on the correction of nonvertex presentation at delivery (risk ratio (RR) 1.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12 to 1.49, and I (2) = 0). The same findings applied to the cephalic presentation after cessation of treatment (RR 1.36, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.71, and I (2) = 80%). A subgroup analysis that excluded two trials with a high risk of bias also indicated favorable effects (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.42 to 1.86, and I (2) = 0%). With respect to safety, moxibustion resulted in decreased use of oxytocin.

CONCLUSION:

Our systematic review and meta-analysis suggested that moxibustion may be an effective treatment for the correction of nonvertex presentation. Moreover, moxibustion might reduce the need for oxytocin.

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