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J Endourol. 2014 Apr;28(4):410-5. doi: 10.1089/end.2013.0550. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

What about conventional laparoscopic radical cystectomy? Cost-analysis of open versus laparoscopic radical cystectomy.

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Department of Urology, Maxima Medical Center, Veldhoven , The Netherlands .



To assess direct healthcare costs for open radical cystectomy (ORC) vs laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) with ileal conduit.


A series of 44 and 42 patients undergoing ORC and LRC with ileal conduit were retrospectively analyzed at a single institution from January 2005 to January 2012. The ORC and LRC procedures were performed by two independent surgical teams; there was no selection in patients. Data on patient demographics, perioperative outcome parameters, complications, and readmissions were gathered retrospectively in the ORC series and prospectively in the LRC series. Direct healthcare costs were evaluated for operating room occupation, disposable surgical equipment, blood transfusions, hospital stay according to intensity of care, and readmission days.


Mean and median evaluated total direct healthcare costs per patient did not differ significantly and were 17,534€ and 16,511€ in the LRC group and 22,284€ and 15,909€ in the ORC group. Excess costs for disposable surgical equipment and operating room occupation within the LRC group were compensated for as a result of shorter hospital stay, lower number of blood transfusions, and intensive-care admissions. Minor and major complication rates were comparable between groups.


Within our series, LRC is a cost neutral minimally invasive alternative to ORC without comprising quality of care and with beneficial perioperative outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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