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J Comp Neurol. 1985 Oct 15;240(3):233-55.

The structure of locust nonspiking interneurones in relation to the anatomy of their segmental ganglion.


The morphology of eight nonspiking local interneurones in the metathoracic ganglion of the locust is described in relation to known tracts, commissures, regions of neuropile, and identified motor neurones. They are compared with the spiking local interneurones in the same ganglion. Each nonspiking local interneurone was injected intracellularly with cobalt, following characterization of its physiological effects on identified leg motor neurones. The shapes of the nonspiking interneurones are diverse, although all have processes restricted to one ganglion and lack an axon. Their cell bodies are distributed in the ventral and dorsal cortex of the ganglion. Interneurones with cell bodies in similar places have similar basic structures, with primary neurites in the same commissure or tract, and major branches in the same tracts. The fine branches of all the interneurones have the same texture throughout, and occur in the same lateral region of neuropile, dorsal to the prominent neurite of the fast extensor tibiae motor neurone. Some interneurones have branches that extend both to the midline and to the dorsal boundary of the neuropile, but none have branches in the ventral, medial neuropile. This distribution of branches corresponds with two known features of the physiology of these interneurones: they make what appear physiologically to be direct connections with motor neurones, and have branches in the same region of the neuropile as the motor neurones. They do not appear to receive direct inputs from hair afferents, and they have no branches in the ventral neuropile to which these afferents project.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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