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Community Dent Health. 2013 Sep;30(3):178-82.

Oral health literacy and information sources among adults in Tehran, Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess oral health literacy level and oral health information of Iranian adults in Tehran, and to determine the factors related to oral health literacy.

BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN:

A cross-sectional population study.

PARTICIPANTS:

A random sample of 1,031 adults in Tehran, Iran.

METHODS:

Oral health literacy was measured using an oral health adult literacy questionnaire (OHL-AQ). Variation in use of information sources by socio-economic and demographic background was estimated by odds ratios. A multiple linear regression model served to determine predictor factors of OHL-AQ scores controlling for characteristics of the subjects and number of information sources.

RESULTS:

The mean OHL-AQ score was 10.5 (sd 3.0). Women (p < 0.001), younger (p < 0.001), and better educated participants (p < 0.001) had higher OHL-AQ scores. The most common sources of oral health information were dentists (52.6%), and TV/Radio (49.5%). According to the regression model, females (p = 0.001), high educational level (p < 0.001), and use of multiple information sources (two sources p = 0.01, three sources or more p = 0.002) were the main predictor factors of OHL-AQ scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

The average oral health literacy level of Iranian adults was low. Disseminating evidence-based oral health care information from multiple sources including TV/radio, dentists, and other health professionals in different settings should improve public oral health literacy.

PMID:
24151793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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