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Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Nov;271(11):2891-6. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2776-6. Epub 2013 Oct 23.

Central auditory processing and word discrimination in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Audiology, Faculty of Rehabilitation Science, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, ayub_audio27@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Many multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with normal pure tone threshold suffer from difficulties in their hearing especially speech perception in background noise, which is possibly because of incompetence of central auditory processing in this group. Three audiologic tests including gap in noise test (GIN), duration pattern sequence test (DPST) and word discrimination score (WDS) were used for comparing a number of aspects of central auditory processing between patients with MS and normal subjects. Approximate threshold and percent of correct answers in GIN test, percent of correct answers in DPST test and monosyllabic discrimination in WDS test were obtained through cross-sectional non-invasive study conducted on 26 subjects with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who had mean age of 28.9 (SD 4.1) years, and 26 18-40-year-old ones with normal hearing and mean age of 27.7 (SD 5.2). Results of this study demonstrate increased approximate threshold and reduction of percent of correct answers obtained from GIN test in patients with multiple sclerosis (Pv = 0.0001). Furthermore in patients with MS, the average of correct answers in DPST was lower than normal subjects and finally performance of MS subjects in WDS test in quiet environment was correlated with GIN threshold (r = -/624, Pr = /003). Results of the present study showed that patients with MS had defect in aspects of central auditory processing consisting of temporal resolution, auditory pattern and the memory for auditory task and difficulty in discrimination of speech in noisy environment that are related to the involvement of central nervous system.

PMID:
24150544
PMCID:
PMC4186691
DOI:
10.1007/s00405-013-2776-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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